Economic news

Scorching US economy throws off market’s Fed cut narrative

2024.02.02 22:07


© Reuters. Traders work on the ground on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) in New York City, U.S., February 1, 2024. REUTERS/Brendan McDermid/File Photo

By Lewis Krauskopf

NEW YORK (Reuters) – Robust U.S. financial information is confronting buyers with an surprising query: whether or not sturdy development can preserve driving shares increased even when the Federal Reserve delivers much less monetary-policy easing than the market had hoped.

Expectations that the Fed would pivot to reducing charges despatched shares hovering on the finish of 2023 and pushed the to a file excessive in January. The index is up 4% this 12 months after surging 24% in 2023.

That narrative has been jolted by proof that the economy could also be working too scorching for the Fed to cut charges with out risking an inflationary rebound. Friday’s blockbuster U.S. employment quantity was the newest signal of stronger-than-expected development, after Fed Chairman Jerome Powell days earlier deflated hopes the central financial institution would start reducing charges in March.

“Looking back on the fourth quarter and the recent rally in stocks, a lot of it was driven from the thought of a Fed pivot, and the Fed pivot is evaporating in front of our eyes,” mentioned Matthew Miskin, co-chief funding strategist at John Hancock Investment Management.

Market expectations of a near-term price cut dimmed after the roles information, with futures tied to the Fed’s predominant coverage price reflecting a 70% probability of the central financial institution reducing borrowing prices at its May 1 assembly, from over 90% on Thursday, in line with the CME FedWatch Tool. The likelihood of a March cut stood at about 20%, from just below 50% every week in the past.

With Friday’s jobs report, “the six or seven rate cuts that markets had been pricing in seems very offside,” Seema Shah, chief international strategist at Principal Asset Management, mentioned in a written commentary.

Friday’s jobs report confirmed nonfarm payrolls elevated by 353,000 jobs final month – nicely above the 180,000 improve anticipated by economists polled by Reuters. The economy additionally added 126,000 extra jobs in November and December than beforehand reported.

Plenty of buyers imagine the sturdy development is a optimistic for shares, particularly if accompanied by better-than-expected company earnings. The S&P 500 hit a recent excessive on Friday after the roles information, helped by the hovering shares of Facebook dad or mum Meta Platforms (NASDAQ:) and Amazon (NASDAQ:), which rose 20% and eight%, respectively, following their company outcomes.

For 2024, S&P 500 earnings are anticipated to leap practically 10% after a 3.6% rise in 2023, in line with LSEG information. Those expectations might be examined within the coming week with one other heavy batch of stories, together with from Eli Lilly (NYSE:), Walt Disney (NYSE:) and ConocoPhillips (NYSE:).

“I’ll trade a stronger economy with less rate cuts than a weaker economy with more rate cuts,” mentioned Keith Lerner, co-chief funding officer at Truist Advisory Services.

Analysts at Capital Economics forecast a “banner” 12 months for U.S. shares, ending 2024 over 10% above present ranges at 5,500. Optimism over the enterprise potential of synthetic intelligence, which helped energy shares reminiscent of Nvidia (NASDAQ:) final 12 months, will possible drive these positive factors, they mentioned.

However, sustained above development development poses one other difficulty – fears of an inflationary rebound.

“January job growth figures were strong, possibly too strong,” mentioned Russell Price, chief economist at Ameriprise, in a Friday notice. “There were multiple signs of strong wage growth which could filter through to resurgent … inflation pressures if maintained.”

An extended interval of excessive rates of interest additionally may improve stress for areas of the economy which can be already hurting reminiscent of industrial actual property.

Shares of New York Community Bancorp (NYSE:), a serious CRE lender in New York, have tumbled in current days, setting off broader regional banking considerations, after the corporate slashed its dividend and posted a shock loss.

Ramped-up development, together with expectations of charges staying at present ranges for longer, may drive Treasury yields up. Higher yields can stress equities as a result of they compete with shares for buyers, whereas increased charges elevate the price of capital within the economy.

The benchmark , which strikes inversely to bond costs, hit 4.05% on Friday.

Investors are nonetheless pricing in round 125 foundation factors of Fed cuts this 12 months, LSEG information reveals. That is down from round 150 foundation factors priced in earlier this week, however nonetheless way over the 75 foundation factors the Fed has projected.

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