Forex analytics and overview

New Zealand Dollar Shrugs as Inflation Expectations Rise

2023.08.09 09:28

MarketPulse

  • New Zealand inflation expectations rise to 2.83%
  • China’s inflation decreases for the first time since February 2021

The is showing limited movement on Wednesday, trading at 0.6060 in the European session.

New Zealand inflation expectations nudge higher to 2.83%

Like most major central banks, the Reserve Bank of New Zealand has been waging a long and tough battle against inflation by raising interest rates. CPI fell to 6.0% in the second quarter, down from 6.7%. That’s certainly good news, but let’s remember that inflation is still rising sharply and is much higher than the RBNZ’s 2% target.

The central bank is also concerned about inflation expectations, which can become embedded when inflation is high and translate into even higher inflation. Wednesday’s 2-year inflation expectations release showed a rise to 2.83% in the third quarter, up from 2.79% in the second quarter. One-year inflation expectations fell to 4.17% in Q3, down from 4.17% in Q2.

The data indicates that inflation expectations remain high, and that perception could make the life of policy makers more difficult in the fight to bring down inflation. The RBNZ has a long way to go before inflation falls to the 2% target, and that will likely mean further rate hikes unless inflation levels fall sharply. The RBNZ held rates at 5 .50% in July and meets next on August 16th.

China’s CPI indicates deflation

China is experiencing a bumpy recovery, and that is bad news for the global economy. Commodity currencies such as the New Zealand dollar are sensitive to Chinese economic releases and a soft Chinese trade release on Tuesday sent lower by as much as 80 basis points. The bad news continued on Wednesday as China’s CPI for July declined by 0.3% y/y, down from 0.0% in June and just above the consensus estimate of -0.4%. This marked the first decrease in CPI since February 2021 and points to weakness in the Chinese economy, which will likely mean less demand for New Zealand exports, a negative scenario for the New Zealand dollar.

NZD/USD Daily Chart

NZD/USD Technical

  • NZD/USD continues to put pressure on support at 0.6031. Below, there is support at 0.5964
  • 0.6129 and 0.6196 are the next resistance lines

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