World

Dengue spreads fast in Brazil prompting emergency health measures

2024.02.07 13:11

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© Reuters. A health employee sprays insecticide to kill the Aedes aegypti mosquito to assist mitigate a dengue outbreak in the Ceilandia neighborhood of Brasilia, Brazil February 7, 2024. REUTERS/Ueslei Marcelino

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By Ricardo Brito and Anthony Boadle

BRASILIA (Reuters) – Dengue fever has surged in Brazil’s sizzling wet season, forcing health authorities to take emergency measures and begin mass vaccination towards the mosquito-borne sickness.

In the primary 5 weeks of this yr 364,855 instances of an infection have been reported, the Health Ministry stated, 4 instances greater than dengue instances in the identical interval of 2023.

The fast unfold of dengue has precipitated 40 confirmed deaths, the ministry stated, and an additional 265 are being investigated.

Brazil has purchased 5.2 million doses of the dengue vaccine Qdenga developed by Japanese drugmaker Takeda’s, with one other 1.32 million doses offered for gratis to the federal government, a ministry assertion stated.

Three Brazilian states have declared emergencies, together with the second most populous state Minas Gerais, and the Federal District, the place the capital Brasilia is positioned and is going through an unprecedented rise in infections.

Brasilia will begin vaccinating youngsters aged 10-14 on Friday with Qdenga, the native authorities stated on Wednesday.

Cases of dengue in Brasilia because the begin of the yr have exceeded the full for the entire of 2023, with a fee of an infection of 1,625 instances per 100,000 inhabitants, in comparison with the nationwide common of simply 170.

Army troops have been deployed in the capital to assist monitor breeding spots of the Aedes aegypti mosquito that carries and spreads the dengue virus in houses and backyards wherever there’s stagnant water.

On Monday, the Brazilian Air Force arrange a discipline hospital in preparation for a surge in instances needing hospital care Ceilandia, a densely-populated poor suburb of Brasilia.

Cities akin to Rio de Janeiro which can be making ready to have a good time Carnival (NYSE:) beginning on Saturday have taken measures to forestall an epidemic.

The Health Ministry has arrange an emergency heart to coordinate operations towards dengue throughout Brazil.

World Health Organization (WHO) director-general Tedros Adhanom, visiting Brasilia on Wednesday, stated this dengue outbreak has been fueled by the El Niño phenomenon that introduced elevated rainfall in Brazil.

“This current dengue outbreak is part of a large global increase in dengue fever with over 500 million cases and over 5,000 deaths reported last year from 80 countries in every region of the world except Europe,” he stated at a ministry occasion.

South America is seeing a surge in instances of dengue through the southern hemisphere summer time, exacerbated by rising temperatures and the El Nino climate sample in the Pacific that contribute to extended dengue seasons and unfold of infections, scientists say.

Dengue fever signs embody a excessive fever, headache, vomiting, muscle and joint pains, and an itching pores and skin rash. In some instances, the illness could cause a extra extreme hemorrhagic fever, ensuing in bleeding that may result in loss of life.

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